Traditional Bumper Pads
When used properly, traditional bumper pads can help prevent limb entrapments and head injuries.
According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), the greatest risk is to an infant sleeping in the prone position or in a crowded sleep environment that includes pillows, cushions and adult bedding: Unsafe Sleep Hazards Associated with the Infant Sleep Environment and Unsafe Practices by Caregivers: A CPSC Staff Perspective.
A recent study on bumpers indicated no significant risk factors for infant death from using bumpers: Crib Bumpers and the Infant Sleep Environment: An Evaluation of the Scientific Evidence. This study found that a more thorough analysis of the injuries that occur to infant children within the crib demonstrates that crib bumpers could serve to mitigate the injury potential (e.g., lacerations, fractures) across a variety of the common accident modes (e.g., contact with railings, extremities caught between railings).
Download this quick and easy guide, Bumper Basics